For a more wholesome experience, please have some tools as well:
cargo install clippy rustfmt rustsym
Now finally, for the VSCode itself, press cmd-p and ext install vscode-rust. I'm using the new Rust extension as Rusty Code has been discontinued.
If you're lucky - that's it, you should have working completion and highlighting in Rust files. Check this by opening any Rust source code file. If you're greeted by this message: You have chosen RLS mode but neither RLS executable path is specified nor rustup is installed - then we need to get the extension to get to know your setup a bit:
In VSCode go to Settings using cmd-, and put the following config elements there:
As the paths in the config need to be absolute, remember to adjust to your situation (system username) accordingly.
Now when you reload and start editing a Rust file you should see RLS: Analysis finished on the bottom bar and the completion and highlighting should all work. Yay !
Building and testing
VSCode has a system of tasks that we can leverage to run the build and test from within VSCode. If you go to Tasks->Configure tasks it will create an empty tasks.json file in your repository. Change it to the following to allow for cargo to be hooked up as your build tool and test runner.
For the native debugger to work we need to install another extension to VSCode called 'LLDB Debugger'. That would be cmd-p and ext install vadimcn.vscode-lldb.
After reloading VSCode you should be able to set breakpoints on the side gutter and run the program using debugger by pressing F5. First time doing this will result in the debugger choice window. Choose LLDB Debugger as your debugger and you will be greeted with a JSON configuration file in which you need to tell the debugger a few details on your project. It may look like this: